From the late 1850s until the 1870s, much correspondence was sent from Jamaica to Major (later Colonel) Henry Kent. These are often, philatelically and visually, most attractive covers, as he was stationed in India which required a high postage rate and hence unusual combinations of adhesive stamps.

Information on Henry Kent is limited but the following has been assembled from internet sources:

 

Date

Middlesex Regiment

Kent

Ref

1787

Regiment raised in India

 

1

1807

Various assignments in Europe and West Indies, then Peninsula war

 

1

1814–20

The 77th remained near Bayonne until 25 Aug, 1814, being the last regiment to leave the Peninsular. It landed on 8/9 September at Cork and began six years service in Ireland.

 

1

1820–23

In November 1820 the regiment changed to England, and after a year at Rochdale, Sunderland and Hexham, went fist to Glasgow and then to Edinburgh, and finally in June 1823 went back to Ireland

 

1

1824-34

In January 1824, the 77th embarked at Cork for Jamaica, where they remained ten years.

 

1

1824 Aug 24

 

Father (Capt Henry) married Eliza

 

1825 Aug 3

 

Born

4

1834 May 17

The 77th left Jamaica on 17 May 1834, and landed on 24 Jun at Portsmouth. Two months later they went to Scotland, and at the end of the following year to Liverpool, and thence in April 1836 to Ireland, where they remained a little over 18 months.

 

1

1834

 

Father (Capt Henry) Stipendiary Magistrate in Jamaica. Appointed to oversee the Great Abolition (of slavery)

 

1837

 

Sister Euphenia Alexandrina Victoria born at Port Royal, Jamaica

 

1837 Nov 21

The 77th embarked at the Cove of Cork for Malta, where it was stationed until Feb 1842.

 

1

1842 Feb

Corfu – After barely a year at Corfu the 77th went again to

 

1

1843 Apr

Jamaica, where it arrived in April 1843 and remained till January 1846.

 

1

1845 Aug 8

 

Ensign (purchased) in the 77th (East Middlesex) Regt of Foot

3

1846 Jan

The next move was to Canada, where the stations were Halifax, St. Johns (Canada East) and Montreal.

 

1

1848 May 19

The regiment left Montreal on a steam vessel, and next day embarked for England at Quebec.

 

1

1849 May 22

The 77th remained at home till the outbreak of the Crimean War, its stations being Portsmouth, Newport, Plymouth, Weedon and Glasgow.

 

1

1850 Aug 23

 

Lieutenant (purchased)

3

1854 to 1856

The Regiment fought in the Crimea from 1854 to 1856. (click here for image)

Varna (June 1854), Alma (20 September 1854), Inkerman (5 November 1854), Sebastopol (25 September 1854 to 8 September 1855)

Major Kent served the Eastern campaign of 1855 including the battles of Alma and Inkerman and siege of Sebastopol. Medal and Clasps 5th Class of the Medjididle and Turkish Medal

1

1854 Sept 27

 

Captain

3

1854 Oct 27

 

Letter to mother in Jamaica

 

1854 Nov 25

 

Letter to sister, Mary, in Jamaica

 

1855 Feb 12

 

Letter to father in Jamaica

 

 

 

Uniform Image

His coatee, of a pattern superseded in 1855, is well-worn, with patches on the underarm upper edge of the right sleeve, the left sleeve at the elbow and below the elbow on the right sleeve. On each shoulder is a brass stud and short brass strap for attaching epaulettes (now absent). Kent, who was first commissioned into the 77th Regiment as an ensign in 1845, clearly gained in bulk over the years: the coatee has been enlarged on the left and right side with a gusset, and the bodice has been lengthened all around at the waist.

 

 

 

He returned home on 26 March 1855.

 

1855/ 1856

 

Married Caroline Ward at Wolverhampton between Oct 1855 & Jan 1856

 

1856

The 77th reached England on 23 July 1856; and, after spending less than a year at Aldershot and Dublin,

Not listed amongst officers who returned to the UK

1

1857

embarked for New South Wales in June 1857, before the news of the Indian Mutiny had arrived. Arrived NSW 30 Sept. Little over seven months had been spent at Sydney, when,

 

1

1858

in April 1858, orders were received to proceed to India. The voyage took eight weeks, and it was only on June 13th that the Regiment landed at Calcutta. It was the hottest season of the year, and the men sickened so fast that the 77th was kept at Calcutta till the spring, when it was too late to have any share in the fighting.

 

1

 

Colonel Straton died immediately after his arrival in India on 15 June 1858. Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon. A.G. Chichester then held command for ten years,

 

2

1858 Aug 24

 

Major

3

1859-70

The 77th which had been raised for service in India, had now returned after an interval of 50 years. Its second term was as free from incident as the first had been the reverse. The stations were:  

 

1

1859

Sasseram

 

1

1859 Mar

·         Benares, where a detachment under Major Kent was employed in April 1859 against a body of rebels in the Kymoor Hills,

 

1

1860 Dec

·         Hazaribagh

 

1

1862 Nov

·         Allahabad

 

1

1864 Nov

·         Bareilly

 

1

1866 Oct

·         Agra

 

1

1867 Feb

·         Peshawar

 

1

1868 Jan

·         Nowshera (1868).

 

1

1869 Feb

·         Agra -- In the autumn of 1868 disturbances in the Hazara country led to the dispatch of an expedition under General Wilde. Two companies of the 77th, which happened to be employed in road making between Abbotabad and Murree, under the command of Captain C.E. Leggett, formed part of the 2nd Brigade under Brigadier Luther Vaughan. Though the force employed was of a considerable size, and the campaign lasted some weeks, there was very little fighting

 

1

 

 

 

 

1868 Jun13

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Kent succeeded Hon. A.G. Chichester (n command of the 77th (East Middlesex) Regt. of Foot)

Lieutenant-Colonel (in command of the 77th)

1

1870

The 77th left India in April 1870 being the first regiment to pass through the Suez Canal. At Portland, Dorset

 

1

1870-80.

Ten years were spent at home.

 

 

1873

 

Colonel

3

1873 Jun 12

 

Father (Capt Henry Kent) died

 

1876 May

In Ireland, returned to England Feb 1880

 

 

1880 June 21

Colonel Kent retired after thirty-five years service, and was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel Humphrey M. L. Colquhoun.

Retired from 77th

2.2

1881 Jul 1

77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot united with the 57th Regiment to form The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment).

 

2

1883

 

Major-General

4

1886

 

Retired (as Hon. Lieut. General)

4

1891 Feb25

 

Wife, Caroline died

 

1900 Nov 30

Sir George Willis, first Colonel of the Middlesex Regiment, died in 1900 and was succeeded on November 30 by Major-General and Honorary Lieut.-General Henry Kent, who had joined the 77th so long ago as 1845, and is now, after seventy years, still Colonel of the Middlesex Regiment. He has been Hon. Colonel of the Royal East Middlesex Militia (now the 6th Battalion) since 1890.

Made Hon. Colonel of the Middlesex Regmt.

2

1920

Regiment renamed to The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own)

 

2

1921 Feb 24

Times of 2 Mar 1921 reports on the funeral at Christ Church North Wimbledon and buried at Hastings. No mention of any family at the funeral.

Died (Wimbledon – 16 Glenthorne, The Downs)

 

 


 

Notes:

 

1

From the web page ‘The Middlesex Regiment 1755-1966’ the history of the regiment is taken:

[1] http://www.prole.demon.co.uk/middlesex

2

Records of the Seventy-seventh (East Middlesex) By Henry Herriott Woollright

http://www.archive.org/stream/recordsseventys00woolgoog/recordsseventys00woolgoog_djvu.txt

2.1

The whole corps remained at Sasseram till the 12th March 1859, when the left wing, under Colonel Deverellt marched to Benares and occupied Raj Ghaut Fort there.

On the 1st April a party of the right wing, under Major Kent, was ordered out in pursuit of a body of rebels, who had suddenly appeared on the grand trunk road, and proceeded into the Kymoor Hills. Owing, however, to want of water and transport difficulties, the detachment was unable to come up with the enemy, and returned to Sasseram on the 6th April The rebels, having suddenly come down from the hills in the neighbourhood of Jdianabad, Major Kent's party was ordered out again at 2 a.m. next day, and marched to Jdianabad (i6 miles from Sasseram), arriving there at 7 a.m. The same day they resumed their march, and continued in dose pursuit of the rebels, until they had driven them on to the banks of the

Ganges, where another column sent in pursuit cut them off The 77th detachment returned to Sasseram on the 12th.

The headquarters of the regiment, with the band and staff, proceeded on the 20th July to Benares, the right wing, under Major Kent, remaining at Sasseram 1860. till it marched to relieve the 37th Regiment at Ghazeepore on the 1st March, 1860.

2.2

Colonel Kent was placed on half-pay on the 21st June, and announced his retirement in the following Regimental Order? — "Seventy-seventh — for thirty-five years I have served with you; for twelve years I have commanded you. It is with no ordinary feeling of regret that, on being placed on half-pay, I take leave of the regiment so dear to me, and that I love so well Most of my happiest recollections are, and will be, associated with it. Many of you were not born when I first joined the regiment under that distinguished officer Colonel Graham Egerton. But from my first day with it to the last I have ever felt an increasing attachment to it, and when by the favour of Her Majesty, and with the approbation of His Royal Highness the Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Chief, I was called to the command of it, it was my earnest desire to realize the importance of the trust committed to me — and looking back on the past I can truly say that I have spared no pains, no effort to make it as efficient as possible in every respect

** Nor in saying this do I assume to myself any credit, as I only tried to do my duty; while for the efficient state of the regiment I am mainly indebted to the zealous support which I have received from the officers and non- commissioned officers.

"It will always be a source of pride and pleasure to me that while maintaining the strictest discipline you have looked upon me more as a friend than a commander over you, and with the sincerest Wishes for your future success and welfare, I bid you all affectionately farewell'

3

From ‘Hart's Annual Army List, Militia List, and Imperial Yeomanry List’ By H G Hartwe learn that he was assigned to the 77th (East Middlesex) Regt of Foot and from the article below he became on  and retired.

http://books.google.com/books?id=INvBgNn-rjEC&pg=RA98-PA357&lpg=RA98-PA357&dq=%22major+kent%22+india&source=web&ots=Glcjl5c49m&sig=3RlINY9Yxagf2j39kS371prYAX4

Major Kent served the Eastern campaign of 1855 including the battles of Alma and Inkerman and siege of Sebastopol Medal and Clasps 5th Class of the Medjididle and Turkish Medal

4

Atmore, Bill

 

 


Inventory of Correspondence to Maj./Col. Kent

Image

col

b/w

Full/ Part

DH

Ref

Date

Destination

Adhesives

Rate

Pmk

Comments

Provenance

Image

col

part

 

26 MAR 1859

India.

 (Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01

 

Brassler

Image

b/w

full

1

11 AUG 1859

Bengal, India

 (Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z1)

 

JE GBU, SG Retail (1990, stated by SG as Ex Gibson), Wood 2009

Image

b/w

full

2

11 OCT 1859

Calcutta, Bengal, India

 (Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z1)

 

JE GBU, Simpson (Sissons)

Image

b/w

full

3

27 DEC 1859

Bengal, India

(Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z1)

 

JE GBU, Andre Bollen

Image

b/w

full

4

24 MAR 1860

Bengal, India

 (Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z1)

 

JE GBU, Andre Bollen

Image

col

full

5

25 MAY 1860

Bengal, India

(Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z3)

 

Hemmings

Image

b/w

full

6

24 AUG 1860

Bengal, India

 (Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z1)

 

JE GBU, PH 1/6/89, Gaston

Image

col

full

7

24 APR 1861

Hazareebagh, Bengal, India.

 (Major Kent)

G.B.6d x2

1s

A01(Z2)

 

Swarbrick, Hemmings

Image

b/w

full

8

24 MAY 1861

Hazareebagh, Bengal, India. 

(Major Kent)

6dx2

1s

A01(Z2)

 

JE GBU, Simpson

Image

col

full

9

24 JUN 1861

Hazareebagh, India.

 (to officer 77th Regt)

6dx2

1s

A43

 

Surtees; Grosvenor 20090923

Image

Col

full

 

8 Aug 1861

Hazareebagh, India.

 (to officer 77th Regt)

6d

One missing

1s

?

 

EBay 2015/08

Image

b/w

full

10

9 SEP 1861

Hazareebagh, Bengal, India.

 (Major Kent)

6dx2

1s

A43

Red hs ‘1d’

JE GBU, Woodward, Erickson, RL Bermuda 1979 (679)

Image

col

full

11

9 DEC 1861

Hazareebagh, Bengal, India.

 (Major Kent)

6dx2

1s

A43

 

Hemmings

Image

col

full

12

24 OCT 1864

Bareilly, India

 (Major Kent)

6dx2

1s

A01(Z2)

redirected from Allahabad

Spink 13/4/2007, Hemmings

 

none

 

 

?? ??? 1864

Bengal, India

 (Major Kent)

1d, 4d, 6d x2

1s5d

A42

Note A42 assigned to Gordon Town Oct 1862

Brinkley Turner Lot 60 (1942)

Image

b/w

full

13

24 NOV 1864

Bareilly, India

 (Major Kent)

1d.,4d.,1/-

1s5d

A42

 

Atmore

Image

col

full

 

24 DEC 1864

Bareilly, India

 (Major Kent)

1s

1s

A01

 

Grosvenor 2011/05

image

col

part

 

24 JAN 1865

Bareilly, India.

  (Major Kent)

6d x2 

1s

Kingston

 

Hart (1978), Freeland

image

col

full

 

25 APR 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

6d x2, 2d x 2, 1d

1s5d

A42

 

Watts, RL 19/9/91, Larson 12/2008

Image

b/w

full

13a

24 MAY 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

2d.,3d.,6d.x2

1s5d

A42

 

Simpson (Sissons 1982), Erickson, Hart

Image

b/w

part

14

24 JUN 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

1d.,4d.,6dx2

1s5d

A42

 

Surtees (658), RLB 27/1/78

Image

col

full

 

24 Aug 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

1d, 2dx2, 6d

1s5d

A42

 

VIC 24/6/96, Soler y Llach 13/10/2006

Image

col

full

 

23 SEP 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

1d, 4d, 6dx2

1s5d

A01

 

Siegel 2009/12 est $1000-1500

Image

b/w

part

 

24 OCT 1865

Bengal, India.

 (Major Kent)

6d x 2, 1d, 2d x 2

1s5d

A42

 

Hart

Image

b/w

full

 

24 NOV 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

 6d x2, 2d, 3d

1s5d

A42

 

Victoria 24/6/96

Image

col

full

15

24 DEC 1865

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

1d.,4d.,6dx2.

1s5d

A42

 

Brassler, Hemmings

 

none

 

 

 1866

to India.

 

2d, 3d, 6d x2 

1s5d

Kingston

 

Burrus (1964)

Image

b/w

full

15a

24 FEB 1866

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

2d.,3d.,6dx2

1s5d

A42

 

Hart, Simpson

Image

b/w

full

16

24 MAR 1866

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

1dx2.,3d.,6d.x2 Pine

1s5d

A42

Bareilly crossed out and envelope endorsed "ON leave Mussoorie"

Erickson, RL 13/6/91, Brinkley Turner Lot 59 (1942)

Image

b/w

full

 

24 APR 1866

Bengal re-addressed Simla

 (Major Kent)

6d x2, 1d, 4d front

1s5d

A42

 

SG.stock

Image

col

full

17

24 JUN 1866

Bareilly, India.

 (Major Kent)

1d.,4d.,6dx2.Pine

1s5d

A42

Redirected to Simla

Hemmings

 

none

 

18

24 AUG 1866

Bengal

 (Major Kent)

1d.,4d.,6dx2.Pine

1s5d

Kingston

 

Surtees (659)

Image

b/w

full

19

28 SEP 1866

Bareilly, India.

  (Major Kent)

1d.,4d.,6dx2.Pine

1s5d

A01(Z1)

Redirected to Umballa

Surtees (660)

Image

b/w

full

 

8 JAN 1867

Peshawra, India.

 (Major Kent)

6d x2, 1d, 4d

1s5d

A42

 

Woodward

Image

b/w

full

 

24 JUL 1867

Cabul, East Indies (ie Afghanistan).

 (Major Kent)

2d, 3d, 6d x2.

1s5d

A42

 

Pinchess (1946), (Hugh Wood) DBZ 16/2/90, Nicholson 231?

image

b/w

part

 

SEP 1867

to ' Peshawar, Cabool, India

1d, 4d, 6d x2

1s5d

A42

M/S '1' and  '1/4' on face

RL Bermuda 1979 (680)

Image

col

full

20

26 NOV 1867

Peshawar, Cabul, India

(Major Kent)

2d.,3d.,4dx3.Pine

1s5d

A01(Z1)

Redirected to Nowshera

Spink 13/4/2007

Image

col

full

21

10 DEC 1867

Hazareebagh, Bengal, India

(Major Kent)

6dx2 Pine

1s

A43

 

Spink 13/4/2007

image

b/w

full

 

25 DEC 1867

Peshawar, India,

 (Major Kent)

1s

1s

Kingston

black MORE-TO-PAY (D1).

Simpson Lot 423

Image

col

full

22

24 MAY 1868

Nowshera, Cabul, India

(Major Kent)

2d.,6dx3.Pine

1s8d

A42

 

Spink 13/4/2007

 

none

 

23

6 AUG 1868

India

 (Major Kent)

2d.,6dx3

1s8d

A01

 

Surtees (659)

 

none

 

 

1869

 

 

3d x 2, 6d x 2

1s6d

A42

 

Burrus

Image

b/w

full

23a

24MAY1869

Agra, Bengal, India

 (Major Kent)

2d.,3d., 6dx2

1s5d

A01(Z2)

 

Simpson (Sissons 1982)

Image

col

full

24

25 JUN 1869

Agra, Bengal, India

(Lt. Col. Kent)

3d.,6d.x3

1s9d

A01(Z1)

1/9d.rate

Surtees,Postiljonen 22/3/96, Atmore

Image

col

full

 

25 AUG 1869

Agra, Bengal.

(Lt. Col. Kent)

2d, 3d, 1/

1s5d

A42

 

Brassler

Image

col

full

 

24 SEP 1869

Agra, Bengal.

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

3d x 2, 6d x2

1s6d

A42

 

Brassler

Image

col

full

25

24 OCT 1869

Agra, Bengal, India

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

3d.,6dx3

1s9d

A42

 

Surtees, RL 13/6/91, Ken Watson, Hemmings

 

none

 

 

9 OCT 1870

Portsmouth

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

6d x2

1s

A01 duplex

 

MH

Image

b/w

part

 

24 NOV 1870

Portsmouth, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

6dx2

1s

 

 

 

 

none

 

 

9 DEC 1870

England

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

6d x2

 

A42

 

Hooton Mitchell Lot 89

Image

col

full

 

8 FEB 1871

Portsmouth, UK

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

6dx2

1s

A42

 

Soler y Llach 11/2007

Image

b/w

full

 

10 MAR 1871

Portsmouth, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

6dx2

1s

A42

 

Stanton

 

none

 

 

9 MAY 1871

England to

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

4d x3

1s

Kingston

 

Hooton Mitchell Lot 59

Image

col

full

 

8 JUN 1871

Portsmouth, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

4dx3

1s

A42

 

 

Image

col

full

 

24 JUL 1871

Portsmouth, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

4dx3

1s

A42

 

 

Image

b/w

full

 

8 AUG 1871

Portsmouth, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

1s

1s

A42

 

Hooton Mitchell Lot 89

Image

col

full

 

9 DEC 1871

Portsmouth, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

6dx2

1s

A42

 

 

Image

b/w

full

 

24 FEB 1872

Portland, UK

(Lt. Col. Kent)

6dx2

1s

A42

 

 

Image

b/w

full

 

24 MAY 1872

Portland, UK

 (Lt. Col. Kent)

3dx4

1a

A42

 

 

 

 

Our thanks to Michael Hamilton for supplying his information for this inventory.


Appendix

Web References

 

1840

Henry Kent Magistrate

1840 JAMAICA ALMANAC, CIVIL LIST, COUNTY OF SURREY, CITY AND PARISH OF KINGSTON

http://jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/1840civl.htm

 

1862 June 23

Leave of absence granted to Captain Henry Kent, stipendiary magistrate.

 

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/displaycataloguedetails.asp?CATLN=7&CATID=-4398197&FullDetails=True&j=1&Gsm=2008-08-08